The Federal units of the Union of India have been undergoing restructuring for 72 years now and there is no stopping of demands for the creation of newer states based on different identities. Though most of them have been solved and are under consolidation, the latest being Jammu and Kashmir, the Naga issue remains the oldest to be solved yet. The problem which saw the creation of the mother of all insurgencies is being hoped to be very near to its happy ending but the dragging of the Framework agreement of 2015 is proving otherwise.
Celebrations ensued among the Bodo people following the signing of a peace accord between the Indian government and the much-dreaded insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland and other factions calling for secessionism. This accord stands out because it successfully brings together the leading stakeholders under one framework.
Left-wing extremism has been a major threat to India since the 1960s. Many of these militant groups, for many years, had held the mineral-rich lands under their influence. Both the states and Central government, through a series of measures, had significantly improved their presence in the Naxal-infested regions. Currently, these militant groups are only operating in a few isolated regions. However, they still pose a substantial threat to India’s national security.