Abrogation of Article 370 & 35A of Constitution – Explained

First Published – August 2018

On 5th of August 2019, the President of India promulgated the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019. It revokes the special status given to Jammu & Kashmir under Article 370 and Article 35A.

A separate Bill – the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 – was introduced to bifurcate the State into two separate union territories of Jammu and Kashmir (with legislature), and Ladakh (without legislature).

Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019 was also introduced to extend the reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in educational institutions and government jobs in Jammu and Kashmir.

[Premium] Ladakh’s Union Territory (UT) demand – All You Need to Know

First Published - August 2018

Updates

Ladakh was once an independent Himalayan kingdom with political history dates back to 930 A.D. Ladakh constitutes about 70% of the total J&K territory with a distinct political and cultural identity of its own. Since 1949, Ladakh people have been demanding Union Territory status for their region and their demand is based on geographical, cultural, linguistic and political lines.  Ladakhis do not want to involve with the anti-India movement in the Kashmir valley. Hence, people of Ladakh demand a union territory status with an elected legislature to run their own affairs and safeguard their interests.

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India & UN Security Council (UNSC) Reforms – Explained

United Nations Security Council is argued to be not in par with the current geopolitical scenario. Since its establishment in 1945, there has been little to no change in its structure.

Many countries including India are bidding for permanent membership in this organisation. This allows them to carry out their national interests, boost their political power in the global arena and create a balance of power in the multipolar world.

However, there has been little progress in this regard due to the rigid stance taken by the 5 permanent members who are unwilling to reduce their power status and also power rivalry amongst nations.

[Premium] Code on Wages Bill 2019 – Why is it a Game-Changer?

On 23 July 2019, the Code on Wages Bill was introduced and passed in the Lok Sabha. This bill, if made into law, will improve the standard of living of about 50 crore workers across the nation and provide legislative protection against labour exploitation, which is a problem faced by the citizens working in the unorganised sector.

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Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act – What is the Controversy?

On July 24, 2019, the Lok Sabha has passed the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019. This bill, if made into a law, will replace the already existing Unlawful Activity (Prevention) Act, 1967.

Ever since its presentation in the lower house, this bill has been a subject of controversy. This bill is considered by some to be draconian in nature.

According to Amnesty International, the act once amended can designate any individual a terrorist, thus violating international human rights laws and opening the floodgate of harassment of the Human Rights defenders and activists.

[Premium] Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) – For Free & Open Indo-Pacific

India, US, Japan, and Australia share a vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific. Quad is an opportunity for such like-minded countries to share notes and collaborate on projects of mutual interest.

Earlier this year, the senior officials of QUAD met at Bangkok, Thailand to reaffirm the commitments made in 2017 on keeping critical routes of Indo-Pacific free from influence and provide rules-based order within the region.

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India’s Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) – An Overview

Many foreign investors have pulled out of China in response to the tensions arising from the Trade War. This was made use of by countries like Vietnam, Singapore, etc., for their economic development.

India, in 2015, scraped the 2013 BIT model and brought in a new model which was in effect in 2017. This has caused an unfavourable investment environment within the country. India has also pulled out of BITs with 58 countries.

This model according to a Brookings Report is Pro-State with limited security to the foreign investors in India. India’s pulling out of BITs have created uncertainty amongst the foreign investors in India and Indian investors abroad.