Reading Time: 6 mins There are growing instances of deaths while cleaning septic tanks and sewage treatment plants in several states. This highlights the need for better understanding the problems being faced by manual scavengers and addressing the challenges in the implementation of the manual scavenging law.
Reading Time: 4 mins The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced that India’s 2nd lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is scheduled to be launched in July 2019. The Chandrayaan-2’s lander will touch down near Moon’s south pole in September 2019. This mission holds so much significance for Indian and international space research which we will discuss in this article.
Reading Time: 4 mins
The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC), a statutory authority established in 1993 was given limited powers such as recommending to the government the inclusion or exclusion of a community in the central list of OBCs.
Therefore the government had passed the 102nd constitution amendment act, 2018 to provide constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) and empower it to hear complaints as well as protect the interests of socially and educationally backward classes.
However, there is also a question arises whether merely passing multiple acts and giving constitutional status is enough? considering the situation where several states have not yet implemented 27% reservation for OBCs and the skewed representation of backward sections in various levels of the government.
Reading Time: 3 mins
Libya has been torn by violence and political instability since long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi was toppled and killed by rebels in 2011. The crisis was triggered by the Arab Spring protests, a series of anti-government protests, uprisings and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in late 2010.
Reading Time: 4 mins
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global watchdog that combats money laundering and terrorist financing, had grey listed Pakistan in June 2018 for not cutting down the finances of terrorist groups within its soil. Greylisting puts Pakistan under international scrutiny to prove its compliance with FATF norms. Notably, the greylisting move was initiated by the US.
Even with greylisting measures, Pulwama terror attack happened in February 2019 = FATF (with India’s lobbying) threatens Pakistan that it will be moved to the blacklist due to its failure to comply with the action plan which was due May 2019. Blacklisting could virtually cut all financial flows to Pakistan.
This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision.
- What is the Financial Action Task Force (FATF)?
- How FATF works?
- What is the grey list and blacklist?
- What is the issue with Pakistan?
- Why the US initiated the move?
- What are the implications of placing Pakistan on FATF watchlist?
- Has Pakistan changed with external Pressures?
- Why has Pakistan failed to comply with or curtail terror funding?
- What is the way forward?
Reading Time: 6 mins With the end of 16th Lok Sabha, it is time to reflect on how to make this institution more effective. A crucial step would be to review the Anti-Defection Law that made the institution less effective by affecting the independence of MPs/MLAs and removing any incentive for them to research and understand on policies which have the bearing on nation-building and development process.
Reading Time: 4 mins
The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits the detention of children till they complete elementary education (class 8) as detention would lead them to drop out of school.
However, this provision is amended by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 to state that a regular examination will be conducted in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year.
- If a child fails the exam, he/she will be provided with the additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months.
- Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations.
- If he/she fails in the re-examination too, then the central government or the concerned state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
- This change is incorporated due to the concern that automatic promotion reduces the incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.
This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:
- What is the no detention policy under the RTE Act?
- What are the advantages of No-detention policy?
- What are the disadvantages of no-detention policy? / Need for its removal?
- What are the concerns with the amendment?
- What is the way forward? / How to improve learning outcomes?
Reading Time: 6 mins Recently, the draft of the New National Education Policy has been submitted by the Dr. Kasturirangan Committee on Education Policy. The draft has invited criticism and protests due to the provision of three language formula. The controversial provision was hence revised by Dr. Kasturirangan-led committee.