Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill 2019 – Need, Features, CriticismPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 6 mins External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar, on December 9, 2019, introduced Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill, 2019 in the Lok Sabha. The introduction of the Bill comes days after 18 Indians aboard a crude oil carrier were kidnapped off the coast of Nigeria. This Bill provides for stringent punishment, including the death penalty to those who are involved in acts of maritime piracy. It was criticised by the opposition for the inclusion of the death penalty. It was referred to the parliamentary standing committee on external affairs chaired by former Union Minister P.P.Choudhary.

The Code on Social Security 2019 – Need, Features, Advantages, Concerns

Reading Time: 6 mins The Code on Social Security, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha in December 2019. It strives to amend and consolidate the laws relating to the social security of the employees and the matters connected to social security.  The bill is with the standing committee now.

Social security refers to measures to ensure the provision of income security and access to health care to workers.

Livestock Sector in India – Current Status, Challenges & InitiativesPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 5 mins

Context-

The department of animal husbandry and dairying released the 20th livestock census in October 2019.

What is livestock-

Domestication of animals raised in an agricultural setting to gain labour and products such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, etc.

Livestock rearing, Dairying, Fisheries activities, along with agriculture, are an integral part of human life since the start of civilization. These activities have helped to improve the food basket and to gain draught animal power. As a result of conducive climate and topography, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Sectors have played a prominent socio-economic role in India.

They play a significant role in generating employment in the rural sector, mainly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, apart from providing cheap and nutritious food to millions. They act as the ‘‘bank on hooves’’.

FASTag – Working, Advantages & Disadvantages

Reading Time: 4 mins FASTag is made mandatory for all vehicles, private and commercial, from January 15, 2020. According to the FASTag transactions data released on January 1, 2020, by National Payments Corporation of India, about 6.4 crore FASTag transactions, worth Rs.1,256 crore, were processed in December against 3.4 crore transactions worth Rs.774 crore in November. Paytm Payments Bank issued over 40% of all FASTags in December. Currently, the government is taking the necessary steps to promote it.

Horticulture Sector in India – Current Status, Challenges, InitiativesPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 5 mins Horticulture is the branch of agriculture. It is art, science. technology and business of plant cultivation. It includes the cultivation of fruits. vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops for instance grass and ornamental trees and plants and plant conservation, maintenance, and arboriculture.

India-Israel Relations: Evolution, Challenges & Recent Developments

Reading Time: 9 mins India, for a long time, had significantly profited from its close ties with Israel and little was done to acknowledge it. However, after the 2017 visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there is a significant breakthrough in the relationship, enhancing the scope of the ties. Subsequently, India has made significant steps in forging a precarious, yet necessary balance in the Middle East, ensuring that the economic and security interests are not threatened.

International Solar Alliance – Need, Objectives, Challenges, Benefits for IndiaPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 5 mins India recently held the second assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) in October 2019. India is the current president of the ISA and France is the co-president.

International Solar Alliance represents India’s continuing efforts towards fighting Global warming and climate change. As the world still deliberates over the possible mechanisms to counter the impacts of climate change, The ISA is an action-oriented, sustainable model to balance the needs of developing countries and environmental efforts. It is the first organization working in the renewable energy sectors focusing solely on solar energy.

Elderly in India – Challenges, Schemes & Legal Provisions

Reading Time: 10 mins India is currently thriving because of the young population and is moving to become the most populous country in the next 7 years. However, the ageing population is growing faster than previously thought and may have a 20% population of 60 years and above by 2050. Various other studies including Economic Survey 2018-19 points out that India may face an increasingly ageing population just like developed nations like Germany and France. It is the duty of the state to take care of the senior citizens and it is ingrained within the Indian tradition to take care of them. However, with the increasing industrialisation and westernisation, many senior citizens are left vulnerable and India is among the countries that are unfavourable for the old age population. Laws and welfare schemes are helping them to only a certain extent due to implementation limitations. With the growing old age population, the government must take necessary steps so that the senior citizens are respected and can lead a dignified life.