Coral Ecosystem in India: Importance, Distribution, threats, Way Forward

Reading Time: 9 mins Coral Reefs are one of the most dynamic ecosystems of India. The coral reefs not only provide sanctuary to a myriad of marine life but also play a key role in protecting the coastline from erosion. In recent times, due to global warming and other reasons, coral ecosystems worldwide have been under threat. The global environment protection efforts give high importance to the coral ecosystem and research to protect them. Recently one such research by the University of Queensland, Australia revealed that dead corals are as important as live corals as more life can be supported by dead coral remains than live corals.

India’s Solar Energy Sector: Opportunities, challenges, Way Forward

Reading Time: 13 mins With a population of close to 1.4 billion and a fast-growing economy with enormous potential to grow, India’s energy mix in future years will be critical for the climate action targets of the world and India itself. India is already the third-largest energy-consuming economy after China and the United States. In this backdrop, India’s solar energy targets are discussed widely for its ambitious targets, the strategy to achieve it, and the gap between current status and required efforts. The debate came to the fore once again when the Prime Minister in recently Inaugurated a 750 MW solar project in Rewa district Madhya Pradesh.

Bio-Medical Waste Management in India

Reading Time: 9 mins Based on the data shared by the Central Pollution Control Board and state pollution control boards of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) submitted a report to the Supreme Court recently, stating that a rise in COVID 19 cases caused a “drastic increase” in bio-medical waste in these four states.

REDD+ : Features, Significance, Issues

Reading Time: 6 mins Recently, Uganda became the first African country to submit Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) results to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). According to Food and Agriculture Organization, the result submission paved the way for result based payments to the country. In this context, it is important to study REDD+ and its role in climate action.

Ozone Layer Depletion – How the Large Hole in the Arctic Ozone Layer Closed

Reading Time: 6 mins The U.N. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) recently declared that Ozone depletion over the Arctic though hit a “record level” in March (the biggest since 2011), the hole has now closed.

The ozone hole’s closing was due to a phenomenon called the polar vortex, and not because of reduced pollution levels due to Covid-19 lockdowns around the world.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Reading Time: 14 mins On January 16th, 2020, the government amended EIA Notification, 2006 to allow projects involving hydrocarbon exploration to be exempted from Environmental Impact Assessment by categorising them under the B2 category. This comes in response to the request from companies like Vedanta Ltd and ONGC to be exempted from public hearing as they are facing public criticism for their proposed projects. Vedanta Ltd proposed to explore hydrocarbon in Cauvery delta and ONGC had applied for permission for hydrocarbon exploration in Nagapattinam and Cuddalore. These proposed projects involve the drilling of wells and the use of environmentally dangerous techniques, making them highly hazardous for both the environment and the public. EIA is already having numerous limitations and drawbacks. Exempting these harmful projects from scrutiny by the public and the competent authorities is making this system even worse.

[Disaster Series] Drought in India & its Management

Reading Time: 7 mins Drought is a recurrent calamity that has grappled India over decades and centuries. An isolated subcontinent of India provides for unique climate conditions coupled with the variety in geography, the characteristic southwest monsoon has dealt with severe drought conditions in the past. The developmental needs, increasing population and climate change have been creating conditions of drought. The drought and its management is important governance and developmental issue.

Climate Finance – Need, Mechanism, Challenges, India’s Efforts

Reading Time: 6 mins Four and a half years after nations negotiated the Paris Climate Agreement (now ratified by 187 of them), the global climate change action is taking place at a slow pace. Though there is incremental progress in the activities, the finance issue is still looming large as the main contributors, the developing countries are yet to meet their obligations. In this background, it is important to take stock of the Climate finance regime as we are lagging behind the targets and the gap between what is to be done and what is being done is increasing.