Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy (MRT) – Benefits, Limitations and Scope in India

With the rapid growth in science and technology, there has been a marked growth in emerging technologies. Various technologies have flooded the market in every field. Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy(MRT) is one such technology in the field of biotechnology that has the potential to change the very dynamics of newly emerging reproductive technology. One in 5,000 individuals has a genetic mitochondrial disease. The increasing prevalence of mitochondrial disorders resulting in significant morbidity and mortality combined with the higher potential of genetic transmission to the next generation are the factors that are expected to drive the market growth for such therapies. Many countries are in line to legalise such therapies. However, ethical concerns remain which need to be looked into to make this therapy legal.

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Locals First Policy for Job – What, Why, Merits and Demerits

Recently, the Haryana government announced its policy of reserving 75 per cent of the State’s jobs in the private sector for candidates who are domiciled in the State. This is not a new case as the Andhra Pradesh government had passed similar legislation in 2019 and many States in India are in the line to enact such legislation to ensure employment to its unemployed population. The recent trend of ‘the locals first’ policy in job is more about fulfilling poll promises than ensuring job to the unemployed and it has several implications for the State, and the country as a whole. It not only acts as a hurdle to the hopes of the inter-state migratory population but also brings into question some of the constitutional dimensions which grant certain rights to all the citizens of India.

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Suez Canal – Significance, Challenges and Way Ahead

On 23rd March this year, a large container vessel ran aground and blocked Suez Canal, leading to the maritime shipping traffic coming to a halt at one of the world’s busiest waterways. It had remained struck for 6 days, with more than 400 ships being stranded in the waterway. While the vessel was dislodged using tugboats and dredgers, it caused significant adverse implications to the already suffering global economy amid the pandemic. This rare incident highlights the importance of strategic chokepoints in economic growth.

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Visible Light Communication (VLC) Technology – All You Need To Know

According to the latest forecasts, mobile data traffic is expected to grow at a compounded rate annually in the coming years. Considering the high-congested nature of the radio spectrum, its high latency issues and the interferences it suffers, a complementary solution is required and Visible Light Communication(VLC) Technology is one of the leading candidates to provide the solution. Visible Light Communication(VLC) Technology is an emerging technology. It intends to enable high-speed internet access primarily in the indoor environment. VLC technology has several advantages over traditional radio-frequency(RF) based networks. The objective of VLC is to increase data rates in wireless communication and to have better performance of networks, especially for indoor networks.

One Nation, One Grid – Power Grid, Gas Grid , Benefits and Way Forward

In a recent webinar, the Prime Minister of India stated that in recent years, India has added 139 Giga Watts capacity and reached the goal of one nation-one grid-one frequency. He added that reforms like the UDAY scheme were undertaken to improve financial and operational efficiencies. He further added that India has become a power surplus country from a power deficit one. The idea of One Nation, One Grid has been making rounds in the news for the last few years. However, the idea is not new to us. To reach the ambitious goal of India becoming a nation using renewable energy sources for most of its needs, the idea of One Nation, One Grid is vital. The energy sector plays a crucial role in the progress of the country and influences both ease of living and ease of doing business. To fulfil the goals, the nation needs to have last-mile connectivity and One Nation, One Grid is a step forward in this direction.

Dedicated Freight Corridor – Need, Challenges, Way Forward

Due to its high dependence on roads for the goods’ movement, India had long suffered from high logistics costs and slow economic progress. This situation is expected to change next year when Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor and Western Dedicated Freight Corridor are set to be operationalised after the completion of the first phase of the DFC project.

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Draft Vehicle Scrappage Policy- Features, Challenges & Way Forward

Vehicle scrappage programs serve multiple purposes like reducing traffic congestion, air pollution, pressure on mines, etc. However, it is also a key tool for economic revival as it has a direct bearing on the automobile sector– a critical determinant of economic growth. Many countries used it in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis to aid their recovery. Recently, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways released the draft Vehicle Scrappage Policy. This could serve as a much needed leg up for the Indian auto industry and post-COVID economy.

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Cyberwarfare & Cybersecurity of Critical Infrastructure- All You Need to Know

Industrial capacities and critical infrastructure are key targets in warfare. This has been so especially since the Industrial Revolution. Today, cyberwarfare poses a greater threat in this regard as it can cause much greater damage to the target with very little cost to the attacker. The ShadowPad attack on Mumbai’s electricity distribution grid has shown the damaging potential of cyberattacks directed at critical infrastructure. Though the energy sector is one of the most targeted in such attacks, it isn’t the only one. Sectors like transport, telecommunication, manufacturing units and other public sector services could be brought down by cyberattacks.

Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 (New IT Rules)

Recently, the Government of India notified the new Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 in the wake of growing concern around transparency, accountability and rights of users related to digital media. The rules aim to regulate social media, digital media, and OTT (Over The Top) platforms. The Rules provide broad powers to the government to regulate and monitor social media intermediaries including online news media. The Rules have been framed in exercise of powers under section 87 (2) of the Information Technology Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines) Rules 2011. The Rules are considered to be an instrument of a “soft-touch” oversight mechanism. The Part-II of these Rules shall be administered by the Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology and Part-III will be administered by the Ministry of Information and broadcasting.

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