The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC), a statutory authority established in 1993 was given limited powers such as recommending to the government the inclusion or exclusion of a community in the central list of OBCs.
Therefore the government had passed the 102nd constitution amendment act, 2018 to provide constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) and empower it to hear complaints as well as protect the interests of socially and educationally backward classes.
However, there is also a question arises whether merely passing multiple acts and giving constitutional status is enough? considering the situation where several states have not yet implemented 27% reservation for OBCs and the skewed representation of backward sections in various levels of the government.
Reading Time:6mins With the end of 16th Lok Sabha, it is time to reflect on how to make this institution more effective. A crucial step would be to review the Anti-Defection Law that made the institution less effective by affecting the independence of MPs/MLAs and removing any incentive for them to research and understand on policies which have the bearing on nation-building and development process.
Reading Time:6mins There have been several cases of the President disqualifying MLAs or the court judgments striking down the appointments of MLAs as parliamentary secretaries. In this context, we’ll discuss the law on holding an ‘office of profit’ and the associated issues.
Reading Time:7mins In order to protect the rights of women employees during pregnancy and after childbirth, Indian law makes it mandatory for most establishments to offer maternity benefits to women employees.
Maternity benefit in India is mainly governed by the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 that applies to all shops and establishments with 10 or more employees. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 further increased the maternity benefits being provided under the Act.
Reading Time:2mins Indian Polity is one of the most scoring but difficult subjects. It means it is easy to score high marks in this subject if you have your facts right. But it is difficult to score if you have confused the facts and you will come back from the exam hall with regret even though you’ve prepared the subject well but failed to do comparisons…
Reading Time:7mins The model code of conduct has been violated by many candidates and parties during campaigning for the Lok Sabha elections. It highlights the need to re-examine the enforceability of MCC and the authority of the election commission to take actions against such candidates and parties.
There is growing support for abolishing capital punishment in India and it needs serious consideration since, on the other side, there has been a nationwide outrage over the series of incidents of sexual assaults of minor girls, like the one in Kathua. The Supreme Court itself admitted on many occasions that there are confusion and contradiction on the application of the death penalty.
This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:
What is capital punishment?
What is the need for capital punishment?
What are the arguments in favour?
What are the arguments against?
What is the evolution of the death penalty in India?
Why India still retains it?
What are the protections against capital punishment in the constitution?