Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897: Origin, Importance & Limitations

Reading Time: 6 mins On March 11, 2020, the Cabinet Secretary announced that all states and UTs should invoke provisions of Section 2 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 so that Health Ministry advisories are enforceable. As the number of cases in India has crossed 120 and is already in Stage 2 (local transition) of COVID-19, it is vital to enforce necessary measures to prevent the country from moving to stage 3, which involves community transmission of the disease. The Epidemic Diseases Act, despite being more than 100 years old, is playing a crucial role in dealing with the current outbreak. However, this colonial-era law has numerous limitations that need to be reformed to prepare the country of future epidemic outbreaks.

SC Verdict on Permanent Commission to Women Officers

Reading Time: 7 mins In an important step towards granting women the right to serve in the military on equal terms with men, the apex court had recently granted women officers the right to “permanent commission” and the right to command. This order brought women officers in 10 streams of the army on a par with their male counterparts. This case was first filed in the Delhi High Court by women officers in 2003 and had received a favourable order in 2010. However, the order was never implemented and was challenged in the Supreme Court by the government. The recent order by the supreme court opens the doors for women to command military units like logistics, signals, etc., thus placing them in the position of leading bodies of 500-600 men in combat support duties. This ruling is hailed as a “great leap” towards equality in the army.

[Updated] Tribal Rights in India (Constitutional & Legal)

Reading Time: 8 mins As the most disadvantaged section of the society, the tribal population has certain rights that are necessary for their overall protection and development. Tribal people are the least integrated into society. India too takes the responsibility of taking affirmative actions regarding the welfare of the tribal population and protection of their basic human rights and their traditional rights of livelihood.

Demographic Dividend in India – Benefits, Challenges & Opportunities

Reading Time: 7 mins Since 2018, India’s working-age population has grown larger than the dependent population consisting of children and senior citizens. This youth bulge is going to last for 37 years. However, the current economic slowdown has led to layoffs, growth decline in various sectors and joblessness. Necessary steps like policy support and reforms must be taken to make full utilisation of India’s demographic dividend to promote the growth and development of the economy.

Regionalism in India – History, Causes, Effects & Measures Taken

Reading Time: 7 mins India is a country with a vast and diverse geography. The nation is an integration of many sub nationalities that have own distinct culture. The tendency of regionalism is, hence, an important facet of India’s sociopolitical landscape. The democratic setup of our country has given a distinct flavor to the various trends of regionalism.      

Communalism in India – Origin, Causes, Effects, Initiatives

Reading Time: 8 mins One of the biggest threats to the idea of India, a nation with syncretic culture is the menace of communalism. India has lost probably more lives in communal riots than it has lost in wars.

Communalism means a strong attachment to one’s own community, it may be one’s own religion, region or language. It promotes the difference of interests between the communities that may induce disaffection to enmity between the communities.

Communalism in India takes a specific character. In India, it is generally associated with strong and even aggressive attachment to one’s religious identity which induces directed enmity against other religions.

Secularism in India – History, Constitution, Challenges

Reading Time: 8 mins India is a land where people of all the major religions of the world find a peaceful home. The ancient ethos and modern philosophy of India have Secularism as its inalienable part. The idea of secularism makes India a multicultural society. Religion, though a very important part of human life, has its own share of problems associated with it. Secularism addresses those problems in a very effective manner.

The Code on Social Security 2019 – Need, Features, Advantages, Concerns

Reading Time: 6 mins The Code on Social Security, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha in December 2019. It strives to amend and consolidate the laws relating to the social security of the employees and the matters connected to social security.  The bill is with the standing committee now.

Social security refers to measures to ensure the provision of income security and access to health care to workers.

Elderly in India – Challenges, Schemes & Legal Provisions

Reading Time: 10 mins India is currently thriving because of the young population and is moving to become the most populous country in the next 7 years. However, the ageing population is growing faster than previously thought and may have a 20% population of 60 years and above by 2050. Various other studies including Economic Survey 2018-19 points out that India may face an increasingly ageing population just like developed nations like Germany and France. It is the duty of the state to take care of the senior citizens and it is ingrained within the Indian tradition to take care of them. However, with the increasing industrialisation and westernisation, many senior citizens are left vulnerable and India is among the countries that are unfavourable for the old age population. Laws and welfare schemes are helping them to only a certain extent due to implementation limitations. With the growing old age population, the government must take necessary steps so that the senior citizens are respected and can lead a dignified life.