Reading Time: 9 mins The 1st phase of Census 2021, along with National Population Register (NPR) updation, has been postponed indefinitely after the Prime Minister announced a 21-day lockdown due to COVID-19. These two exercises were to be conducted at the same time. This intention of conducting Census and NPR together by the government violates Census Act, 1948. The Census of India provides basic household and population listing based on anonymous data that is essential for the country’s statistical assessment on the population’s conditions and government policies. It is currently being mired by the new controversy on privacy violations by NPR. This jeopardises the credibility of census exercise, threatening the basic functioning of the governance and economy.
Reading Time: 6 mins The Indian Government had decided to prepare a National Population Register (NPR) by September 2020 to lay a foundation for rolling out citizens’ register across the country. Once the NPR is completed and published, it will become the basis for the National Register of Indian Citizens, a pan-India version of Assam’s National Register of Citizens. The NPR is to be implemented on a priority basis in areas affected by infiltration. Though this move is a necessary step to ensure the security of the nation and also for the efficient implementation of the welfare schemes, there are still concerns over the privacy, legality and government’s capacity to undertake this mammoth task ahead.
Reading Time: 5 mins
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his Independence Day speech, addressed the problem of population explosion in India. He termed those who opt for smaller families as patriots. He argued that the development and prosperity of the nation begin only when all the individuals are healthy and resourceful. He appealed for the public effort to reduce the population at the ground level. This speech comes with the backdrop of the UN Population Projections report that estimated that India will be the most populous country in the world through the current century.