Anti-conversion laws enacted in various states are under scrutiny for their ambiguity and the lack of valid justifications for their existence. Vague terms used in them pose significant challenges to the fundamental rights provided by the Indian constitution. In this backdrop, the Supreme Court has recently agreed to examine the constitutional validity of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand anti-conversion laws. However, it refused to stay these controversial legislations.
One of the biggest threats to the idea of India, a nation with syncretic culture is the menace of communalism. India has lost probably more lives in communal riots than it has lost in wars.
Communalism means a strong attachment to one’s own community, it may be one’s own religion, region or language. It promotes the difference of interests between the communities that may induce disaffection to enmity between the communities.
Communalism in India takes a specific character. In India, it is generally associated with strong and even aggressive attachment to one’s religious identity which induces directed enmity against other religions.