Sex Ratio in India – Why is there a Decline?

Reading Time: 6 mins Many efforts taken by the Indian government and various other organisations in recent years are not addressing the problem of the startling decline in India’s sex ratio since 2011. Many are alarmed that it would be reflected in India’s child sex ratio in the 2021 Census report.

Vaccine Hesitancy – Meaning, Factors, SolutionsPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 6 mins In recent years, there is a significant increase in the measles cases at the global level. This is mainly attributed to the increase in the vaccine hesitancy. This led to the World Health Organisation to declare “vaccine hesitancy” as one of the 10 deadly threats to global health in 2019. Yet, it still remains a threat to the international community given the increasing misinformation in the current Information Age.

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Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act – Explained

Reading Time: 5 mins The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 was passed by both houses of parliament and came into effect on 15 January 2016. This act was under public scrutiny because of the provision that provided for the consideration of the 16-18 year olds as adults in case of them indulging in heinous crimes.

HIV/AIDS in India: The Road to Eradication

Reading Time: 8 mins This year, an individual (London Patient) was treated in London and was completely cured of HIV. CCR5-delta 32 technique, based on stem cell transplant involving the use of CCR5-delta 32 homozygous donor cells, was used to cure him. This is significant progress as only two individuals have currently been cured of HIV…

Swachh Bharat Mission – Is it a Success or a Failure?

Reading Time: 7 mins

Poor sanitation is a primary cause of diseases worldwide = improving sanitation can have a beneficial impact on health both in households as well as communities. In order to meet the sanitation need, the government had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014. Since then, SBM became the world’s largest sanitation program by changing the behaviour of hundreds of millions of people with respect to toilet access and usage. However, there are also concerns regarding the overreporting of data, actual usage of toilets, etc. which we will discuss in this article.

Tuberculosis (TB) in India: Causes, Symptoms, Impacts, InitiativesPREMIUM 

Reading Time: 6 mins Despite the emergence of newer killer pathogens like Ebola, M. tuberculosis still remains the top pathogenic killer. In spite of being discovered as early as the 1880s, the pathogen continues to affect millions of people – even more than malaria. Recently, WHO highlighted India’s position as the country with the highest-burden of this preventable and curable disease.

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Self Help Groups (SHGs) in India – Functions, Advantages & Disadvantages

Reading Time: 6 mins

According to the latest statistics, about 25% of the Indian population belongs to the rural poor. Women make up one-third of the Indian labour force. However, social constraints have prevented them from having access to and making use of the available resources that may help them improve their living conditions. Self Help Group is seen by many as the catalyst for rural development, women and social empowerment. Its importance in the Indian economy is seen through many success stories like production of 13 different bioagents to support organic farming by Sabari Swasraya Sanghom of Nellarachal tribal hamlet, Kudumbashree SHG, etc. They are not only inspirational but also the obvious solutions to the existing socio-economic problems of India.