Almost a decade since the democratic transition, Myanmar came back under the control of the military junta in February 2021. Since independence, this Southeast nation has struggled with military rule, civil strifes and international isolation due to internal instability. The recent coup came after allegations regarding election discrepancies, quashing all hopes of democratic progress in the near future.
Pension is an integral part of the armed forces’ terms of engagement. This year, for the first time in the history of independent India, the government will spend more on paying pensions than on purchasing weapons and weapon systems. Thus, concerns have arisen that the pension budget is unsustainable and would hinder India’s defence capabilities, especially during these trying times. Reforms must be ensured as soon as possible to address this issue and also to safeguard the needs of the ex-servicemen.
The Border Road Organization has been in news in recent times for its successful completion of projects in border area infrastructure. The Darbbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie (DSDBO) road built by BRO is at the center of the current stand-off with China. It was built by BRO. BRO is an important part of India’s security and preparedness. So, it becomes important to study the organization.
The Shekatkar committee has been in news even during the Covid-19 pandemic as the exigencies along the border continue to haunt. The current government’s focus on national security and defense preparedness made it relook at the committee report in the wake of Ladakh border issues with China. It swung into action recently approving major recommendations of the committee.
India is a subcontinental nation with unique geographical and historical conditions. It has a land border of over 15000km and a coastline of 7517kms. Due to historical and geopolitical reasons, the border areas also represent an arena of challenging security concerns. The security challenges in the border area and its management, hence, is a policy issue of immense importance. Let’s discuss these challenges in detail.
Proper management of boundaries is a necessary condition for national security. India shares a boundary with seven Countries. Each segment of the boundary has its unique challenges.