The Biden Administration, which currently lacks its own China strategy, is looking to continue and expand Trump-era foreign policies. These protectionist and unilateral policies make it difficult to implement long-term policies focusing on creating a balance of power with China. This shortcoming is also making it difficult for the US to forge alliances with other countries to oppose China’s expansionism and exploitative trade ties. This is especially true when it comes to India, which is facing several new challenges under the Biden Administration. The US conducting the freedom of navigation operations in Indian waters without prior consent is a case in point.
As Joe Biden takes charge of the U.S. administration, all the eyes of the world are stuck at Biden’s actions on how he tackles China and mends the strained relations between the two nations. The tensions between the two nations have been a cause of concern for the whole world. The two countries have several issues acting as points of contention and these issues are aggravating the strain in the relation of the two nations further. Their tensions are halting many endeavors of the world community to find a solution to the burning global problems. The two countries are competing to be a global power and thus it cannot be considered anything other than a duel for global dominance. Hence, it becomes important to understand the implications of these strained relations in the short and long run and how India needs to play out in the given situation.
Amid the border tensions, India and China negotiated a much-needed action Plan to reduce tensions on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. With the help of Russia which played the common ground, both the countries have tried to find common ground and have been in talks for several rounds now under the action plan.
India and the US have done away with one more layer of hesitations of history when they recently concluded the foundational agreements. The recent signing of the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement introduces another era of cooperation and mutual trust between what experts call the natural partnership. In this backdrop, it is important to understand all the four foundational agreements and their significance in the current times.
India-Pakistan relations remained strained due to the issue of the Jammu and Kashmir region. The recent Pakistani decision to hold elections in the region has brought the region again in the news. The area and its importance with respect to Pakistan and China is the topic of discussion in this article.
The World is set to witness another cold war in the 21st century. The 5G technology and race to dominate it has been intensified with the US-led West and China engaging in a multilayered competition. The US President has called for international blacklisting of Huawei which is right now leading the 5G tech research and implementation. Banning of Chinese Apps on the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic is the next step in line with the ensued cold war.
Virtual meeting of RIC foreign ministers was held amid rising tensions in the disputed Ladakh region between India and China. Originally planned for March 2020 but postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting was conducted as Russia’s initiative to mark the 75th Anniversary of the end of World War II, which resulted in the formation of the UN. The grouping has a high dependence on Russia’s close diplomatic ties with both India and China. While the Russian side maintained that it would not mediate between India and China, it also reiterated its support to India’s bid for permanent membership in the UNSC.
In 2019, Indian firm “India Ports Global Limited” took over operations at the Shahid Behesti Port in Chabahar, Iran. The representative of India, Iran, and Afghanistan met and finalized the routes for trade and transit corridors between the three nations. An event, ‘Chabahar Day’ was organised on February 26, 2019, to promote and popularise the potential of Chabahar port. Recently, the Iranian government took several decisions that may impact India’s Central Asian Strategy.
The Indian government has banned 59 Chinese apps just two weeks after a violent border clash between India and China that led to the death of 20 Indian soldiers. Though the Indian government has not officially linked the app ban with the border dispute with China, public comments by government officials signify the same. Chinese app ban is one of the many economic retaliations of India in response to border dispute along the LAC. However, it has little impact on China’s influence in the India economy.