Reading Time: 7 mins Since conducting its second nuclear tests in 1998, India had adhered to a self-imposed commitment to “No First Use” of nuclear weapons on another country. However, on August 16th, 2019, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had hinted that in future India’s “no first use” policy “depends on circumstances”. Following this episode, the Defence Minister had effectively reduced the already bleak chances of India becoming a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. However, in the current situation, it matters very little for India as it already has the necessary benefits it needs to expand and operate its nuclear programme.
Reading Time: 8 mins After 18 months of talks and nearly two decades of war, the Taliban and the US have signed an agreement that paves the way for peace in Afghanistan and the departure of foreign troops from the country.
This agreement was signed on February 29, 2020, in Doha, Qatar.
This comprehensive peace agreement consists of four parts.
Reading Time: 6 mins On 17th July 2019, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) had delivered its final verdict on the Kulbhushan Jadhav Case between India and Pakistan. With a 15-1 majority decision in India’s favour, the ICJ held that Pakistan had violated its obligations under the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. This case is a clear victory for India. Yet, the ICJ can provide only limited remedies for India. This brings into question the uncertainty about Jadhav’s detention and his pending death sentence.
Reading Time: 11 mins Last year, the bilateral ties between India and Pakistan saw little to no progress. The India-Pakistan relations has often afflicted by cross-border terrorism, ceasefire violations, territorial disputes, etc. In 2019, the bilateral relationship was rocked by several tense events like the Pulwama terror attack, Balakot airstrike, scrapping of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status, etc. Improving bilateral ties is vital for both sides, as it would mean stabilisation of South Asia and the improvement of economies of both the nations. However, the political will to mend the relationship in the current juncture seems to be absent on both sides.
Reading Time: 6 mins External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar, on December 9, 2019, introduced Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill, 2019 in the Lok Sabha. The introduction of the Bill comes days after 18 Indians aboard a crude oil carrier were kidnapped off the coast of Nigeria. This Bill provides for stringent punishment, including the death penalty to those who are involved in acts of maritime piracy. It was criticised by the opposition for the inclusion of the death penalty. It was referred to the parliamentary standing committee on external affairs chaired by former Union Minister P.P.Choudhary.
Reading Time: 9 mins India, for a long time, had significantly profited from its close ties with Israel and little was done to acknowledge it. However, after the 2017 visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there is a significant breakthrough in the relationship, enhancing the scope of the ties. Subsequently, India has made significant steps in forging a precarious, yet necessary balance in the Middle East, ensuring that the economic and security interests are not threatened.
Reading Time: 11 mins Australia’s Prime Minister had called off his four-day visit to India from January 13 due to the catastrophic bushfires in his home country. However, when it does take place, the next India-Australia summit will be an important occasion to promote the bilateral ties between the two nations. The bilateral relations between India and Australia is often characterised as one of the perpetually unfulfilled promises. However, for the first time since India’s independence, India and Australia currently have an opportunity to develop diplomatic ties that are free from irritants. This is due to the common interests of the two nations that have come forth in the current changing geopolitics.
Reading Time: 8 mins Due to the strategic location of Sri Lanka, many major powers have raced to claim their own interests in the nation. Currently, China is making use of Sri Lanka as a part of its BRI and string of pearls strategy. India too sees the significance of bilateral ties with the island nation. India and Sri Lanka’s bilateral ties are thousands of years of old, characterised by common culture, tradition and history. India, to counter China and create a balance of power in the region, must ensure close diplomatic ties with smaller neighbours like Sri Lanka.