The UN General Assembly on May 2019 adopted a resolution that welcomed the International Court of Justice’s advisory opinion on the legal consequences of the separation of Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965. This resolution, in accordance with the ICJ's advisory, has demanded the complete withdrawal of the UK and the US within six months from the archipelago. Countries like Australia, the US, the UK, Hungary, Israel, and Maldives were against this resolution. It has stated that the decolonization of Mauritius was not in accordance with the right to self-determination and that the UK’s sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago establishes a “wrongful act”. However, the stance taken by the major colonial powers like the US and the UK shows their unwillingness to adapt to the new era, the one that is defined by freedom and liberty of their previously colonised territories.
According to the latest statistics, about 25% of the Indian population belongs to the rural poor. Women make up one-third of the Indian labour force. However, social constraints have prevented them from having access to and making use of the available resources that may help them improve their living conditions. Self Help Group is seen by many as the catalyst for rural development, women and social empowerment. Its importance in the Indian economy is seen through many success stories like production of 13 different bioagents to support organic farming by Sabari Swasraya Sanghom of Nellarachal tribal hamlet, Kudumbashree SHG, etc. They are not only inspirational but also the obvious solutions to the existing socio-economic problems of India.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his Independence Day speech, addressed the problem of population explosion in India. He termed those who opt for smaller families as patriots. He argued that the development and prosperity of the nation begin only when all the individuals are healthy and resourceful. He appealed for the public effort to reduce the population at the ground level. This speech comes with the backdrop of the UN Population Projections report that estimated that India will be the most populous country in the world through the current century.
The US government under President Donald Trump had made an unprecedented move by recognizing Golan Heights as a part of Israel. This move was condemned by many countries as well as the international community. This is because the Golan Heights was captured by Israel from Syria during the Six-Day War in 1967. The Golan Heights is highly vital for Syria and Israel, both economically and strategically.
The world is facing a continuous change due to the ever-increasing scientific and technological development and innovations. These developments have changed the political, social and economic lives of mankind.
The history in itself is defined by the improved technologies and new scientific discoveries like wheels, stone tools, steam engines, trains, automated machines, computers, etc. Now, we are at the cusp of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the one that is dominated by technologies that far exceed human intelligence.
These innovations and technological growth may help mankind solve existing problems like poverty, death due to calamities, accidents, etc. These developments are fast-paced and ever-growing.
Currently, the laws and government policies are slow in preparing for these new technologies and scientific discoveries. The Indian Government must take immediate steps to make full use of the new and exhilarating possibilities arising out of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.
Currently, the world is facing many threats like climate change, isolationism, global conflicts, unemployment, poverty, and inequality. Simultaneously, with the advent of the Industrial revolution 4.0, the world is also facing exciting changes like the emergence of self-driving cars, 5G networks, etc. However, the Industrial Revolution 4.0 has its downside. It is argued that, if the change is not addressed properly there will be negative implications like a further increase in unemployment and poverty crisis. The concept of Globalization 4.0 seeks to address these issues and promote inclusive and sustainable growth.
India, being one of the fastest-growing economies, despite the international tensions like Trade war and rising isolationism in the current times, is reducing the poverty ratio of its population at a rapid pace.
However, several of the Indians are still suffering due to extreme poverty. According to the Brooking report, about 3% of the Indian population is suffering due to extreme poverty.
With enormous resources and skills, India has the potential to help its entire population overcome poverty. This is of essence as it indirectly slows down the economic growth of the country and hinders the government’s ambition to become $5 Trillion economy by 2024.
According to the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) by National Sample Survey Office, the overall unemployment rate in the country in FY18 was at 6.1%.
However, the current survey, according to the government, is conducted in different method compared to the previous surveys.
But unemployment remains a problem, and the Government must take initiatives to make full use of the younger population to boost the growth and development of the economy.