Anthropology (Optional) Mindmap Notes

Mindmap Notes Anthropology

Free Samples: Paper 1 | Paper 2

Paper I

1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.

1.2 Relationships with other disciplines

1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities


1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance

2.1 The Nature of Culture :


9.1 Human Genetics :

9.7 Ecological Anthropology



Paper II

1.2 Palaeo

Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus, Siwalik Man and Narmada Man).


2. Demographic profile of India


3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system

3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature

3.4 Impact of Religion on Indian society.

Impact of Buddhism, Jainism and Islam and Christianity on Indian society.


5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities


5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society:

7.1 SC, ST & OBCs


8.1 Impact of religions on tribes

Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.


9.2 Role of anthropology in development

9.3 Contributions of anthropology

Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.





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Static update log

June 9, 2021 – added:

  • Survivals & parallels – peasant communities
  • Impact of other religion on tribes

May 27, 2021 – added:

  • Relationships with Life Sciences
  • Survivals and Parallels
  • Ethno-archaeology in India

May 2, 2021 – added:

  • Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study
  • Impact of islam on tribes
  • Nutritional deficiency-related diseases
  • Tribe and nation state
  • Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism
  • Contributions of anthropology to ethnic and political movements
  • Role of Anthropology in tribal and rural development
  • Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development
  • Contributions of anthropology to understanding of communalism
  • Relationships with Earth Sciences
  • Relationships with Medical Sciences
  • Relationships with Humanities
  • Relationships with behavioural Sciences
  • Impact of christianity on tribes
  • Other bioevents to fertility
  • Impact of buddhism on tribes
  • Agrarian relations in Indian villages
  • Cultural materialism
  • Symbolic and Interpretive Theories
  • Post-modernism in anthropology
  • Cognitive Anthropology
  • Nature, origin, and characteristics of language

April 25, 2021 – added:

  • History of tribal plan 
  • History of tribal policies 
  • Concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups)
  • History of administration of tribal areas 
  • Social change among the tribes during post-Independent India 
  • Tribes during colonial period
  • PVTG distribution
  • Special programmes for PVTG development
  • Implementation of policies, plans, programmes of tribal development
  • History of tribal programmes

April 14, 2021 – added:

  • The concept of ethnicity
  • Regionalism and demand for autonomy
  • Pseudo-tribalism
  • Unrest among tribal communities
  • Ethnic conflicts and political developments
  • Impact of hinduism on tribes

April 9, 2021 – added:

  • Impact of modern democratic institutions
  • Social change in tribals
  • Development programmes and welfare measures
  • Contemporary tribal societies
  • Infectious and non-infectious diseases

April 3, 2021 – added:

  • Exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Tribes
  • Exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes
  • Exploitation and deprivation of Other Backward Classes
  • Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes
  • Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Castes
  • Development of forest policy
  • Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing mortality
  • Fertility patterns and differentials
  • Relevance of menarche and menopause to fertility
  • Racial differentiation and race crossing in man
  • Epidemiological Anthropology
  • Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters
  • Health and Disease
  • Impact of urbanisation and industrialization on tribal populations

March 22, 2021 – added:

  • Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment
  • Demographic theories – Biological, Social & Cultural

March 17, 2021 – added:

  • Race and racism
  • Biological basis of racial classification
  • Genetic marker (all topics)
  • Physiological characteristics (all topics)

March 9, 2021 – added:

  • Rh blood groups
  •  Social context of language use
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication
  • Mendelian population, HardyWeinberg law
  • Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages
  • Causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift
  • Autosomal aberrations
  • Numerical and Structural Aberrations
  • Chromosomes-intro
  • Sex chromosomal aberrations
  • Bio-cultural Adaptations
  • Genetic marker and ABO Blood Grouping
  • Concepts of Ecological Anthropology
  • Man’s physiological responses to cold stress
  • Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses – Hot desert
  • Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses – high altitude climate
  • Methods of Ecological Anthropology

Feb 24, 2021 – added:

  • Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection
  • Structuralism
  • Structural-Functionalism (Radcliffe-Brown)
  • Multilinear Evolutionism (julian steward)
  • Functionalism (Malinowski)
  • Neo-evolutionism
  • Historical particularism
  • Diffusionism
  • Culture and personality

Feb 12, 2021 – added:

  • Lethal and Sub lethal genes
  • Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement
  • Developmental projects and problems of rehabilitation

Feb 4, 2021 – added:

  • Health & Nutrition
  • Mendelian genetics in the man-family study
  • Single-factor, multifactor inheritance, and polygenic inheritance

Jan 29, 20201 – added:

  • Unemployment and Under-employment
  • Tribal populations and their distribution
  • Biochemical methods
  • Socio-economic characteristics of the tribal populations
  • Poverty and indebtedness
  • Low literacy and poor educational facilities
  • Land alienation

Jan 22, 2021 – added:

  • Tools of data collection
  • Tribal situation in India
  • Bio-genetic variability
  • Linguistic characteristics of the tribal populations
  • Panchayati Raj and social change
  • Media and Social change

Jan 16, 2021 – added:

  • Indigenous processes of socio-cultural change
  • Westernization
  • Modernization
  • Inter-play of little and great traditions

Jan 11, 2021 – added:

  • Impact of globalization on Indian villages
  • Linguistic minorities
  • Religious minorities
  • Tools of data collection
  • Sanskritization

Jan 4, 2021 – added:

  • Traditional and changing patterns of settlement
  • D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies
  • Chromosomal and karyo-type analysis
  • Case study method
  • Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  • Distinction between technique, method and methodology
  • Indian village as a social system
  • Genealogy
  • Observation

Dec 30, 2020 – added:

  • Emergence, growth and development in India
  • Contribution of Indian anthropologists
  • Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators
  • Significance of village study in India
  • Cytogenetic method
  • Impact of Jainism, Islam on indian society
  • Impact of Christianity on Indian society

Dec 23, 2020 – added:

  • Nature man spirit complex
  • Twin Study
  • Impact of Buddhism on Indian society

Dec 16, 2020 – added:

  • Sacred Complex
  • Pedigree Analysis

Dec 7, 2020 – added:

  • Jajmani system,
  • Tribe- caste continuum.

Dec 1, 2020 – added:

  • Future of the caste system
  • Human Physique and Somatotypes
  • Biological and chronological longevity
  • Immunological methods

Nov 26, 2020 – added:

  • DNA technology in diseases and medicine
  • Serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  • Theories of origin of caste system
  • Caste mobility
  • Structure and characteristics Varna and caste
  • Dominant Caste
  • Concept of growth and development

Nov 15, 2020 – added:

  • Rina and Rebirth
  • Karma
  • Purushartha
  • Genetic Counseling and Eugenics

Nov 10, 2020 – added:

  • Varnashrama system
  • Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  • Paternity diagnosis
  • Indian population—factors influencing its structure and growth

Nob 8, 2020 – added:

  • Siwalik man
  • Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipment
  • Concept of ethnoarchaeology
  • Ethnic elements of India
  • Linguistic elements of India

Nov 3, 2020 – added:

  • Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies
  • Magico-religious functionaries
  • Nutritional anthropology
  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Anthropology of sports
  • Contributions of the tribal cultures to Indian civilization
  • Post-Harappan cultures
  • Narmada man
  • Sivapithecus
  • Ramapithecus

Oct 30, 2020 

Paper 1 – added

  • Anthropological approaches to the study of religion
  • Sacred and Profane
  • Monotheism and Polytheism
  • Religion, magic and science distinguished

Paper II – added

  • Paleolithic cultures
  • Mesolithic Cultures of India
  • Neolithic culture of india
  • Chalcolithic Cultures
  • Harappan Civilisation

Oct 26, 2020 – Paper 1 – Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state;

Oct 25, 2020 – Paper 1 – concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;

Oct 23, 2020 – Paper 1 – Social control, law and justice in simple societies

Oct 22, 2020 – Paper 1 – added: globalization and indigenous economic systems.

Oct 13, 2020 – Paper 1 – added: Subsisting on horticulture and agriculture

Sep 19, 2020 – Paper 1 – added: Subsisting on fishing and pastorism.

Sep 11, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

Principles governing production, distribution and exchange in communities,

      • Reciprocity, redistribution and market
      • subsisting on hunting and gathering,

Sep 6, 2020 – Paper 1 – added: Formalist and substantivist debate.

Sep 4, 2020 – Paper 1- added:

  • Descent and Alliance
  • Meaning, scope, and relevance of economic anthropology

Aug 29, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory)
  • Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation

Aug 25, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Principles and types of descent
  • Forms of descent groups

Aug 21, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family.
  • Kinship consanguinity and affinity

Aug 17, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • functions of family
  • Types of family

Aug 13, 2020 – Paper -added:

  • Marriage payments
  • Family – Definition and universality;
  • Family, household and domestic groups;

Aug 9, 2020 – Paper 1 -added:

  • Functions of marriage
  • Marriage regulations

Aug 4, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Laws of marriage
  • Types of marriage

Aug 2, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • social groups
  • social stratification
  • Marriage – definition and universality

July 30, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Concept of Society
  • Society and Culture
  • Social Institutions

July 27, 2020 – Paper 1 – Chalcolithic culture, copper-bronze age and iron age added under “Archaeology, Chronology & Cultural Evolution”.

July 22, 2020 – Paper 1 – mindmaps added in “Archaeology, Chronology & Cultural Evolution”.

July 18, 2020 – Paper 1 – uploaded:

  • Gene & Chromosomes,
  • Mutation & Cell Division.

July 16, 2020 – Protein Synthesis uploaded.

July 14, 2020 – Paper 1 – Biological Basis of Life –

  • The Cell,
  • DNA structure and replication,

July 13, 2020 – Paper 1 – “Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi, and Chancelede” uploaded.

July 10, 2020 – Paper 1 – Uploaded the following:

(b) Homo erectus

(c) Neanderthal Man

(d) Rhodesian man.

July 7, 2020 – Paper 1 – “Australopithecines” uploaded.

July 5, 2020 – Primates >> “Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes” & “Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications” uploaded


Referred Sources

Paper 1:


  • ignou M.A Anthropology – BUY NOW
  • epg pathashala – VISIT WEBSITE
  • January 2014 edition of Yojana- Tribal and Marginalized Communities – DOWNLOAD
  • The Tribal Culture of India – LP Vidyarthi: BUY NOW
  • Tribal India – Nadeem Hasnain: BUY NOW
  • Indian Anthropology -Nadeem Hasnain – BUY NOW
  • Anthropology Simplified – Vivek Bhasme: BUY NOW


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Shiv jeet
Shiv jeet
11 months ago

Please ad diagrams, previous year questions, case studies, current example, ….

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
11 months ago
Reply to  Shiv jeet

Yes we are adding diagrams wherever required.
Previous year questions also will be added.thanks for the suggestions

krishan kumar
krishan kumar
11 months ago

notes are very good and effective
please try to complete syllabus before prelims

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
11 months ago
Reply to  krishan kumar

Thank you for the feedback.we are working to give you the best content and will make sure to finish ASAP.

Babai Mukherjee
Babai Mukherjee
11 months ago

Please upload the notes daily and complete it as early as possible before September at least….thanks for your effort

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
11 months ago

Thank you for the feedback.we are working to give you the best content and will make sure to finish ASAP. Good luck

11 months ago

Add names of anthropologist and their work/books as much as possible as it make the answer relevant and fetches more marks

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
11 months ago
Reply to  Rahul

Thanks for the feedback. as a matter of fact we did add and we will add major works of all can refer it in classical evolutionists topic that is freely available. Good luck.

11 months ago

Also if the topic can be related to current events

shivjeet Barupal
shivjeet Barupal
11 months ago

Plz ad difference blw new and old physical anthropology
No diagram

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
11 months ago

Thanks for your feedback..Regarding diagrams pls see other freely available topic like classical evolutionists can see diagram.. in physical anthropology we have added lot of diagrams for understanding the concepts wherever required.
2) regarding previous year questions we will add for sure..
Thanks again.

10 months ago

Regarding anthropology optional, all mindmaps are quite good and topics are covered according to previous year papers. But please upload all chapters as early as possible.

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
10 months ago
Reply to  King

Thank you for the feedback.we are doing our best to finish it ASAP.we will not disappoint you.thanks again.good luck.

Akash kumar
Akash kumar
10 months ago

Are these notes enough for complete coverage of anthropology optional? And when will you upload all the mindmaps?

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
10 months ago
Reply to  Akash kumar

Thank you for your interest..we are covering each topic comprehensively extracting important points from multiple sources..we are making sure that student doesn’t need another source to look for.
We are uploading one topic each day so one can finish reading them as soon as it was uploaded.we will finish it ASAP
Thank you.

Babai Mukherjee
Babai Mukherjee
9 months ago

Please upload atleast one topics everyday one from 1st paper and one from 2nd paper…earnest request to you..thanks for your effort

Babai Mukherjee
Babai Mukherjee
9 months ago

Social group topics is not opening..its totally blank

Visal M
Visal M
7 months ago

Great work so far! Can give us some idea as to by when you are planning to complete the syllabus? Can try planning accordingly.
Thank you.

7 months ago

hi… i have query does you channel provides mind maps or anthropology notes…i would like to join can i know the details weather it is a mind maps or detailed notes

5 months ago

Hi, how many more day’s it will take to complete syllabus? Is the topics are getting uploaded on daily basis till now?

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
5 months ago

hi, any estimate upto when course would be completed…please give an estimate so that we can plan accordingly.
thanks for all the mindmaps :)

Invading Curiosity
Invading Curiosity
5 months ago

In Anthropology, paper 1 under 2.4 Family, Mindmap of ‘Functions of Family’ has Mindmap of ‘Types of Family’.
Please rectify it.

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
4 months ago

hello sir, at least in paper 1 there are few topics in between the completed topics which are not completed , please first complete them it would be helpful in flow and secondly, can we expect the paper 2 to be completed by april end?

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
4 months ago
Reply to  Santhosh Kumar

thank you sir

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
4 months ago

sir, can you complete the first paper first atleast on urgent basis all topics in sequential manner…

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
4 months ago

sir, in 2.4 impact of urbanization has kinship mindmap, please rectify that…!

Kartikey Mishra
Kartikey Mishra
4 months ago

sir, in paper 1, topic 2.4 ( subtopic effect of urbanization ) and topic 2.5(subtopic forms of decent group ) are not there ,some other mind map is inside these topics, please rectify, its very urgent

Alok Kumar
Alok Kumar
3 months ago

In section 1.2 relationship with life science, medical science, earth science, behavioral science is missing. Is it not relevant for the exam?

Shravan Pitta
Shravan Pitta
3 months ago
Reply to  Alok Kumar

hi there. it was a conscious decision to skip those topics, so that we could finish other topics, as the above-said topics are not very important from exam perspective. you could see the previous years’ question papers and can realize this fact. the social sciences part is important and we covered it extensively. But we’ll cover those left-over topics after everything is over. rest assured. thank you. good luck.

Alok Kumar
Alok Kumar
2 months ago
Reply to  Shravan Pitta

Thank you, sir.

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