Anthropology (Optional) Mindmaps

IE Mindmaps Anthropology

First two topics are  FREE. Open them as samples.

PAPER I 

1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.

1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance

2.1 The Nature of Culture :

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2.4 Family:

Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups; functions of family; Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family.

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2.5 Kinship:

Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.

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3. Economic organization:

Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.

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4. Political organization and Social Control:

Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.

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5. Religion:

Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magicoreligious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).

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6. Anthropological theories:

(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)

(b) Historical particularism (Boas); Diffusionism (British, German and American)

(c) Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural-functionlism (Radcliffe-Brown)

(d) Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E.Leach)

(e) Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).

(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)

(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)

(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)

(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)

(j) Post- modernism in anthropology

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7. Culture, language and communication:

Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of language use.

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8. Research methods in anthropology:

(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology

(b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology

(c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods.

(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

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9.1 Human Genetics :

Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.

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9.2 Mendelian genetics

Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sublethal and polygenic inheritance in man.

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9.3

Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, HardyWeinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.

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9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.

(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).

(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.

(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-du-chat syndromes.

(d) Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.

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9.5 Race and racism

Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.

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9.5 Age, Sex, Population, Physiological Characteristics

Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristics-Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

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9.6 Ecological Anthropology

Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.

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9.6 Epidemiological Anthropology

Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency-related diseases.

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10. Concept of human growth and development:

– stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.

– Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.

– Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.

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10. Concept of human growth and development:

– stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.

– Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.

– Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.

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11. Demography

11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.

11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.

11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.

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12. Applications of Anthropology:

 Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, Forensic Anthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.

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PAPER-II

1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization

Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and postHarappan cultures. Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.

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1.2 Palaeo

Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).

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1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India

 The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.

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2. Demographic profile of India

Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.

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3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system

Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.

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3.2 Caste system in India

structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum.

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3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature

Man-Spirit Complex

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3.4 Impact of Religion on Indian society.

Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.

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4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India

Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.

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5.1 Indian Village:

Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.

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5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities

Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.

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5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society:

 Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.

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6.1 Tribal situation in India

Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.

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6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities

land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.

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6.3 Development Projects & Tribes

Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.

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7.1 SC, ST & OBCs

Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.

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7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies

Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.

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7.3 Ethnicity & Tribes

 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.

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8.1 Impact of religions on tribes

Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.

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8.2 Tribe and nation state

a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.

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9.1 Tribal Administration & Development

History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.

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9.2 Role of anthropology in development

Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.

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9.3 Contributions of anthropology

Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

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The syllabus is not over yet. But it will be completed in 3-4 months. If you join this month, you’ll get 2 years membership (otherwise, only 6 months – 1 year validity)

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Update Log

Aug 9, 2020 – Paper 1 -added:

  • Functions of marriage
  • Marriage regulations 

Aug 4, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Laws of marriage
  • Types of marriage 

Aug 2, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • social groups
  • social stratification
  • Marriage – definition and universality

July 30, 2020 – Paper 1 – added:

  • Concept of Society
  • Society and Culture
  • Social Institutions

July 27, 2020 – Paper 1 – Chalcolithic culture, copper-bronze age and iron age added under “Archaeology, Chronology & Cultural Evolution”.

July 22, 2020 – Paper 1 – mindmaps added in “Archaeology, Chronology & Cultural Evolution”.

July 18, 2020 – Paper 1 – uploaded:

  • Gene & Chromosomes,
  • Mutation & Cell Division.

July 16, 2020 – Protein Synthesis uploaded.

July 14, 2020 – Paper 1 – Biological Basis of Life –

  • The Cell,
  • DNA structure and replication,

July 13, 2020 – Paper 1 – “Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi, and Chancelede” uploaded.

July 10, 2020 – Paper 1 – Uploaded the following:

(b) Homo erectus

(c) Neanderthal Man

(d) Rhodesian man.

July 7, 2020 – Paper 1 – “Australopithecines” uploaded.

July 5, 2020 – Primates >> “Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes” & “Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications” uploaded

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Referred Sources

Paper 1:

Paper-II:

  • ignou M.A Anthropology – BUY NOW
  • epg pathashala – VISIT WEBSITE
  • January 2014 edition of Yojana- Tribal and Marginalized Communities – DOWNLOAD
  • The Tribal Culture of India – LP Vidyarthi: BUY NOW
  • Tribal India – Nadeem Hasnain: BUY NOW
  • Indian Anthropology -Nadeem Hasnain – BUY NOW
  • Anthropology Simplified – Vivek Bhasme: BUY NOW

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Shiv jeet
Shiv jeet
1 month ago

Please ad diagrams, previous year questions, case studies, current example, ….

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
1 month ago
Reply to  Shiv jeet

Yes we are adding diagrams wherever required.
Previous year questions also will be added.thanks for the suggestions

krishan kumar
krishan kumar
1 month ago

hiee
notes are very good and effective
please try to complete syllabus before prelims
thanks

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
1 month ago
Reply to  krishan kumar

Thank you for the feedback.we are working to give you the best content and will make sure to finish ASAP.

Babai Mukherjee
Babai Mukherjee
1 month ago

Please upload the notes daily and complete it as early as possible before September at least….thanks for your effort

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
1 month ago

Thank you for the feedback.we are working to give you the best content and will make sure to finish ASAP. Good luck

Rahul
Rahul
1 month ago

Add names of anthropologist and their work/books as much as possible as it make the answer relevant and fetches more marks

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
1 month ago
Reply to  Rahul

Thanks for the feedback. as a matter of fact we did add and we will add major works of all anthropologists.you can refer it in classical evolutionists topic that is freely available. Good luck.

Rahul
Rahul
1 month ago

Also if the topic can be related to current events

shivjeet Barupal
shivjeet Barupal
25 days ago

Plz ad difference blw new and old physical anthropology
No diagram
Ad PYQ

Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
24 days ago

Thanks for your feedback..Regarding diagrams pls see other freely available topic like classical evolutionists topic.you can see diagram.. in physical anthropology we have added lot of diagrams for understanding the concepts wherever required.
2) regarding previous year questions we will add for sure..
Thanks again.

King
King
14 days ago

Regarding anthropology optional, all mindmaps are quite good and topics are covered according to previous year papers. But please upload all chapters as early as possible.

Last edited 14 days ago by King
Shravan pitta
Shravan pitta
14 days ago
Reply to  King

Thank you for the feedback.we are doing our best to finish it ASAP.we will not disappoint you.thanks again.good luck.